How does Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) work?

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a form of assisted reproductive technology that is used to help infertile couples conceive. Infertility is clinically defined as the inability to conceive despite having regular, unprotected intercourse for a period of one year or longer. Physically, infertility impacts both men and women, and although it might not 
interfere with their daily lives, it diminishes the chances of them conceiving naturally.Being diagnosed with infertility can have a profound impact on the psyche and self-confidence of a woman. Added to that, even in this day and age there is a lot of social stigma attached to couples that cannot conceive. However, medical progress over the last decade has seen a significant growth in infertility treatment in Dubai. One such method of assisted reproductive technology is IUI.

Assisted reproductive technologies such as IUI are used in situations where there is reduced sperm motility, low sperm count, ejaculation dysfunction, hostile cervical conditions or even an unexplained infertility. IUI is essentially a fertility treatment that involves the placing of sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization. Before IUI, ovulation stimulating medications may be used, in which case careful monitoring will be necessary to determine when the eggs are mature. The IUI procedure will then be performed around the time of ovulation, typically about 24-36 hours after the surge in LH hormone that is seen as an indicator of ovulation. A semen sample will be washed by the lab to separate the semen from the seminal fluid. A catheter will then be used to insert the sperm directly into the uterus. This process maximizes the number of sperm cells that are placed in the uterus, thus increasing the possibility of conception. Unlike other procedures, the IUI procedure is carried out in a very short time with minimal discomfort. That coupled with its relatively inexpensive cost is why IUI is one of the more sought out ART procedures.

There are a host of fertility clinics in Dubai that offer IUI treatments. However, the success of IUI depends on several factors. If a couple has the IUI procedure performed each month, success rates may reach as high as 20% per cycle depending on factors such as the woman’s age, the reason for infertility, and whether fertility drugs were previously used, among other variables. While IUI is a less invasive and less expensive option, pregnancy rates from IUI are lower than those from in-vitro fertilization (IVF)

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